"Labor and Work: Labor is the Enemy of Human Dignity: Work, Voluntary Activity for Self-Improvement -- Wage Labor a Delusion and a Snare -- Incentives to Overwork -- Development," by Dr. Adolph Douai.
First published in the Workmen's Advocate [New Haven, CT], vol. 3, no.17 (April 23, 1887), pg. 1.
This article by pioneer German-American socialist Carl Daniel Adolph Douai (1819-1888) discusses the difference between "work" (human activity for the purpose of useful production) and "labor" (working force employed by capitalists and exploited by them) from a Marxist perspective.
Workmen's Advocate was the official organ of the Socialist Labor Party of North America, the largest socialist party in America in this era.
This machine-readable digital file hand-typed from the original source. Edited by Tim Davenport and published in Corvallis, Oregon by 1000 Flowers Publishing. File completed on May 23, 2010. Non-commercial reproduction of this digital file permitted.